international day for biological diversity 2018 theme 22 may 2018
The theme for 2017 was “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”, which was been chosen to coincide with the observance of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development.
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The International Day for Biological Diversity, also known as World Biodiversity Day, is celebrated on May 22, 2018. It is a United Nations–sanctioned international day for the promotion of biodiversity issues. That day is celebrated annually.
From its creation by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1993 until 2000, it was held on December 29 to celebrate the day that Convention on Biological Diversity went into effect. On December 20, 2000, the date was shifted to commemorate that adoption of the Convention on May 22, 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, And partly to avoid the as many other holidays that occur in late December. This text has been wWikipedia
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The theme for 2017 for World Biodiversity Day is “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”. The theme is in sync with the observance of 2017 as “International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development” as proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly. UN has already declared 2011-20 as United Nations Decade on Biodiversity to support and promote reducing the loss of biodiversity.
what is biological diversity ?
The term Biological Diversity was first coined by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in 1968. This term became widespread in use during 1980s. Biodiversity refers to the “totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region”. There are three levels of biodiversity viz. species diversity, ecosystem diversity and genetic diversity. The term biodiveristy is used to address several problems in conservation of environment including loss of species, destruction of habitats, invasive species, genetic pollution, over exploitation and effects of climate change on biodiversity.
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Background for international day for biological diversity 2018 theme 22 may
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had proclaimed 22 May as the International Biodiversity Day by adopting resolution 55/201 on 20 December 2000.
The day commemorates the adoption of Agreed Text of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act.
Prior to adaptation of UNGA resolution, 29 December was designated as International Biodiversity Day to commemorate adaptation of the CBD.
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