International Literacy Day was decided by UNESCO in the year 1965 to commemorate September 8 every year, which was celebrated for the first time in 1966. It was celebrated to emphasize great importance throughout the world, literacy of individuals, society and communities.
This day is especially celebrated for the purpose of literacy and adult education in the international community.
International Literacy Day 2018
International Literacy Day 2018 will be celebrated on Saturday, September 8.
International Literacy Day Celebration
According to the Global Monitoring Report on Education, it has been mentioned that one among the five persons and two-thirds of the women is uneducated. Some of them have the lowest literacy skills, some children are still out of school and some are participating in school randomly. The lowest adult literacy rate in South and West Asia is 58.6%. The countries with the lowest literacy rate are Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.
This day is celebrated with special themes, programs and goals of education all over the world. The festival of 2007 and 2008 was literacy and health (strong focus on the epidemic to prevent people from infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, cholera and malaria). The theme of the year 2009 and 2010 was literacy and empowerment of women, while the theme of the festival of 2011 and 2012 was literacy and peace.
The importance of celebrating the day is to promote public consciousness about the written word and the extraordinary value of need to encourage society’s literate rate. Some writers who write to support literacy reform include Margaret Atwood, Paulo Coloho, Philip Delmar, Paul Auster, Philip Claudell, Fatou Diem and many others.
Some companies, charity organizations, Global Development Research Center, Rotary International, Montblanc and National Institute for Literacy are also involved in supporting social literacy. Literacy gives shape to the lives of humans and also creates their cultural identity as well.
International Literacy Day is celebrated
Celebrating International Literacy Day is to promote human meditation towards literacy and to know its rights for social and human development. Literacy is important as survival and success. It is very necessary for poverty eradication, reducing child mortality rate, controlling population growth, obtaining gender equality etc.
There is a family situation in literacy and therefore capacity to increase the status of the country. It is celebrated to encourage people to gain constant education and to understand their responsibilities for the family, society and the country.
International Literacy Day Themes 2018
International Literacy Day Celebration is organized on a specific theme of the year in many countries to execute some strategic plans to solve problems related to illiteracy across the world. Some of the annual topics of International Literacy Day are given below:
The theme for “2006 to maintain literacy growth” was to focus on achieving social progress.
For the 2007 and 2008, there was “literacy and health” to focus on theme literacy and pandemics (transitive diseases like HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, etc.).
> For 2009-2010, the theme was “Literacy and Empowerment” to focus on gender equality and empowering women.
For 2011-2012, there was “literacy and peace” to focus on the importance of literacy for the theme peace.
> The theme for 2013 was “Literacy for the 21st Century” to promote global literacy.
> The theme for 2014 was “Literacy and Sustainable Development” to promote sustainable development in areas of social development, economic development, and environmental integration.
> The theme for 2015 was “Literacy and Sustainable Society”.
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